The facial recognition software that could identify thousands of soldiers in American Civil War photographs
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As a first step towards that goal, we are reaching out to Military Images readers to be our beta-testers, starting with this column. If you have an interest in trying out our software (for free) and providing feedback, please visit
Photo of Rory's great grand father Jeremiah Reidy born c.1842 in Meenleitrim, Knocknagoshel. Jeremiah married Mary Ann Laughlin in Michigan, USA. His sister Catherine Reidy was my 3rd great grandmother.
Before Rory travelled to Meenleitrim he sent a letter from Germany to his cousin Michael Reidy on April 21st, 1967.
Area - DUBLIN (COI) , Parish/Church/Congregation - ARBOUR HILL BARRACKS
Burial of JAMES KENNELLY of GENERAL MILITARY HOSPITAL on 8 February 1865
Name JAMES KENNELLY Address GENERAL MILITARY HOSPITAL
Age 35 Date of Death 4 February 1865 Occupation PRIVATE 41ST REGNT
October 1918, The official site of the R.M.S. Leinster
100th Anniversary - 2018
10 October 2018 will be the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the RMS Leinster. Plans to mark the centenary are underway. If you would like to be kept informed as plans develop, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
How the sinking of the R.M.S. Leinster jeopardized peace talks.
US President Woodrow Wilson
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson
6 October 1918: U.S. President Woodrow Wilson received the following message from Germany: "The German Government requests the President of the United States to arrange the immediate conclusion of an armistice on land, by sea and in the air."
10 October 1918: German submarine UB-123 torpedoed the R.M.S. Leinster in the Irish Sea. Official death toll 501.
14 October U.S. President Woodrow Wilson replies to the German Government saying, among other things, that there can be no peace as long as Germany attacks passenger ships.
21 October 1918: Reinhard Scheer, Admiral of the German High Seas Fleet, signalled his submarines: "To all U-boats: Commence return from patrol at once. Because of ongoing negotiations any hostile actions against merchant vessels prohibited. Returning U-boats are allowed to attack warships only in daylight. End of message. Admiral."
11 November 1918: Armistice signed between the warring powers. End of First World War.
For a few days in October 1918 the sinking of the R.M.S. Leinster threatened the possibility of peace talks to end the First World War.
ooks on the R.M.S. Leinster sinking:
Death in the Irish Sea(1) Death in the Irish Sea: The Sinking of the R.M.S. Leinster by Roy Stokes. Published in 1998 by The Collins Press, West Link Park, Doughcloyne, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. ISBN 1-898256-52-7.
The first ever book to be written about the Leinster, it deals with the circumstances of the sinking in the context of the war at sea.
Torpedoed(2) Torpedoed!: The R.M.S. Leinster Disaster by Philip Lecane. Published by Periscope Publishing Ltd, 33 Barwis Terrace, Penzance, Cornwall TR18 2AW, United Kingdom. ISBN 1-904381-29-4 website www.periscopepublishing.com. Under agreement with the publisher, those living in Ireland may buy the book directly from the author. ISBN 1-904381-30-8
Philip Lecane's book tells the stories of many of the people who sailed on the last voyage of the R.M.S. Leinster, including ship's crew, postal workers, civilian and military passengers. The book gives a detailed background on Robert Ramm, commander of the UB-123, as well as information on the submarine's other two officers. It also has information on some of the rescuing ships and the aftermath of the sinking. Tracing the lives of a number of survivors in the years following the sinking, the book concludes with an almost complete list of those who were on the Leinster the day she was sunk.
Father lost on way to visit seriously wounded soldier son (Buried Tralee)
The Reverend John R. Bartley LL. B. (Trinity College, Dublin) of the Presbyterian Church, Tralee, County Kerry was on his way to visit his seriously wounded son when he was lost on the R.M.S. Leinster. His body was recovered and buried on 15 October 1918 in the Protestant Plot, near the main path, in the New Cemetery, Tralee, County Kerry.
Sergeant William Bartley, 150790, 52nd Battalion (Manitoba Regiment) Canadian Expeditionary Force, died of his wounds in a military hospital in Tooting, south London, on 16 October 1918. William Bartley was born on 2 February 1893 at Carnone, County Donegal. He was employed as a bank clerk at the time he enlisted in the Canadian Army on 26 August 1915 at Portage Le Prairie, Manitoba. He was 5 feet 7 inches in height, had dark complexion, blue eyes and dark hair. He is buried in the same grave as his father.
(Grateful thanks to Dave Donatelli for the newspaper clipping with photograph of Sergeant William Bartley).
another means of uncovering some of these individuals is to examine the 1901 Census of Ireland. It is intriguing to consider that at the turn of the 20th century, veterans of battlefields like Gettysburg and Chickamauga could be found in counties throughout the island. I decided to conduct an extensive search of the 1901 Census to try and identify more of them, with the results made available below.
Daniel Callaghan, Knockardtry, Crinny, Co. Kerry, 74-year-old Roman Catholic, Occupation: “American Army Pensioner”. Pension certificate 786221. Served in the Ordnance Detachment of the U.S. Army.
Daniel Connor, Knockeen, Castleisland, Co. Kerry, 76-year-old Roman Catholic, Occupation: “Pensioner American Army”.
Thomas Fitzgerald, Acres, Ballynacourty, Co. Kerry, 70-year-old Roman Catholic, Occupation: “American Army Pensioner”.
William Murphy, Clievraght, Listowel, Co. Kerry, 75-year-old Roman Catholic, Occupation: “Pensioner from the American Army”. Likely the William Murphy that served in Company G of the 23rd Kentucky Infantry (Certificate 1015966).
Michael Dore, Ballynacragga North, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick, 65-year-old Roman Catholic, Occupation: “Pensioner from American Army”.
Maurice McAuliffe, Ardagh, Co. Limerick, 73-year-old Roman Catholic, Occupation: “Pensioner United States Army.
Second Irish Jesuit chaplain to die in the war
Posted on 14th July 2016
Irish Jesuits were connected to the Middle East in the early years of the twentieth century. In Alexandria, Beirut and Damascus, they studied Arabic, taught in schools and universities and worked as missioners. One such Jesuit was Limerick man, Jeremiah Augustine (Austin) Hartigan. Born in Foynes in 1882, his father Jeremiah T Hartigan, was the dispensary doctor in Croom. The Hartigan’s of Tarbrook, Croom were known for their involvement in horse breeding and racing. After attending the two Jesuit schools in Limerick (the Crescent and Mungret College), Austin entered the Jesuit novitiate aged sixteen. Four years later, he was sent to Beirut to study oriental languages in the Jesuit-run St Joseph University. After two years of study, he was awarded a Doctorate in Oriental Letters and he spent a further year studying at St Francis Xavier College in Alexandria, Egypt. In The Mungret Annual, 1905, Frs Michael Bergin and Austin Hartigan wrote about their experiences in ‘Scenes and Manners in […]
Daniel J. Culhane
World War I
Rank Private, U.S. Army
Unit 310th Infantry Regiment, 78th Division
Entered Service From New York
Date of Death October 25, 1918
Buried Plot F Row 42 Grave 8
Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery
Lieutenant James FitzGibbon
James FitzGibbon was born in Ireland in 1781. At age 17 he joined the Tarbert Fencibles, a regiment of the British army, and was sent to England to do garrison duty.
When he was 20 he sailed under Lord Nelson against Denmark, two years before he sailed against Holland and briefly spent time in a French prison.
Thanks for the info. On James Fitzgibbon. To add to this info. He was born in 1780 in Glin on a small holding on the Knight of Glin's estate. He left school at 11 and at 15 he enlisted in the Knight's Yeomanry Corps and was promoted to sergeant. In the war against the Americans in Canada while fighting for the British army he became some kind of a national hero. He married Mary Haley (could be Healy?0 and they had four sons. He subsequently moved to England where he died in 1863 and was buried at St.George's chapel, Windsor Castle. In 2003 his military sword and some of his military belongings were donated to the Canadian Military Museum in Ottawa.
Le gach dea ghui,
TOM LANGAN (1)
(The Knockanure Connection.)
(Also - Ahearn's, Knockanure & Langan's of Duagh)
Tom Langan (1) who was born in 1787 died at Knockanure on May 28th 1871 aged eighty-four years. His wifes name was Bridget McElligott born c1785 and died at Knockanure after 1841. He may have been a brother or a close relative to the Kilpadogue Langan’s, John, Jermiah etc. Tom and Bridget had a family of four or five that we know of.
i. Maurice Langan b February 27th 1818. (my greatgreatgrandfather) See further on.
ii. Ellen Langan b Sept 2nd 1831 at Chapel Cross, Knockanure.
iii. Bridget Langan bApril 6th 1834 at Chapel Cross, Knockanure. Bridget was baptised 06-04-1834.
iv. Kate Langan b 1836 and died 1896.
v. Patrick Langan bSept 2nd 1840 at Chapel Cross, Knockanure. Patrick may have been called after his grandfather, the aforementioned Patrick Langan, brother of Sean, Glenagragra.
There could have been another son in the family, who may well be the father of a John Langan who also lived in Knockanure. (See John’s army records further on)
ii. Ellen Langan, (as above) baptised 12-09-1831 who married a John Ahearn from Knockanure on 04-02-1860.
Ellen Langan and John Ahern had at least seven children; the following can be accounted for –
Tom (Toss) Ahern – b. 1860. (Going by 1911census)
Brigid Ahern - born at Kealod, Knockanure in 1861.
Mary Ahern - b 04-10-1863.
Patrick Ahern - b 07-02-1866.
James Ahern - b 30-08-1868.
Maurice Ahern - b 25-07-1870.
Jeremiah Ahern - b 20-12-1872.
It would appear that Thos used to visit his Langan relatives in Glenagragra on a regular basis. The late Mick Higgins R.I.P. of Glasha reliably informed me that he himself had a vivid recollection of Thos Ahearn from Knockanure regularly paying visits on Tom Langan, who at the time was residing at the Higgins homestead. (Tom’s daughter Nora was married to Mick Higgins’s father Maurice and she looked after her father towards the end of his days.) Ciss Faley Higgins R.I.P. was of the opinion that Toss was a 1stcousin of Tom’s. This gives us another indication that there was a clear-cut connection between the two Langan families.
Going on the theory that the first son born was generally called after his grandfather and bearing in mind what Ciss has told me, the situation would then arise that Maurice Langan’s father was indeed called Tom strengthening the possibility that the current Langan families arrived in Glasha/Glenagragra via Knockanure.
Returning to the McElligott name, John Langan, Cahara told Nora Ghauri Langan that his father Mick often told him that the Langan’s and the McElligott’s were related again adding proof to what we have already established. Mick, by all accounts was very well versed in the genealogy department. Mick also said that there was a David Langan in the family.
John Langan (2)
John Langan was born in the parish of Knockanure, Co. Kerry in the year 1856. It is feasible that John was either the grandson or grandnephew of Tom Langan (1), more than likely the latter as Tom’s son Patrick was born in 1841 and it is unlikely that he, Patrick would have been married and have a son by the age of fifteen. John joined the British Army’s 67th Brigade of The Leinster Regiment on October 26th 1880.
His description on enlistment as follows:
Age Apparently – 24yrs.
Height – 5ft- ¾ inches.
Chest Measurement – 36 ½ inches.
Complection – Fresh.
Eyes – Blue.
Hair – Brown.
Religious Denomination – Roman Catholic.
Distinctive Marks – Old wound between elbow and shoulder.
His Trade or Calling given as a Labourer.
Military History Sheet.
Service at Home and Abroad.
Country – Home. From 21-10-1880 to 10-12-1882 – 2yrs-51days.
Country – India. From 11-12-1882 to 15-03-1889 – 7yrs-93days.
Country ====. 16-03-1890 to 24-04-1890 – 40days.
Country – Home.25-04-1890 to 20-10-1892 – 2yrs-179days.
Discharged on 20-10-1892 on termination of first period of limited engagement.
Enlisted for a second period of duty for 4 yrs from 21-10 1892. At Birr, Co. Offaly
Discharged on 20-10-1896 on termination of his engagement.
Next of kin given as follows:
Mother – Ellen Langan, Knockanure. (Could be sister-in-law to Maurice Langan, my greatgreatgrandfather)
Brothers – Thomas and Patrick, Knockanure. (Could be nephews of Maurice Langan, my greatgreatgrandfather.)
It would appear that John spent the greater part of his life in the British Army. On September 4th 1914, at Cork, he enlisted with the Special Reservists under the term of ‘one year unless War lasts longer in which case you will be retained until War is over’, for which he was. On enlisting, for some reason or other, he gave his age as 40 years when in fact he was 58yrs of age. He gave his trade or calling as a Clark. He was passed fit to join the Leinster Regiment on said date. This latest term of duty would appear not to have run that smooth as can be seen from the following:
11-12-1915 – Went A.W.O.L. - 14 days F.P. No 2 by Co for absence. Forfeits 8 days pay for absence.
29-12-1916 – Deserted.
13-02-1917 – Rejoined. In arrest awaiting trial. Tried by Court Martial for desertion.
18-02-1917 – Found not guilty of desertion but guilty of absence without leave. (56 days detention)
26-03-1917 – Released from detention. Special remission by G.O.C. of 20 days.
15-05-1917 – Awarded 28 days detention by C.O. for absence. Forfeits 17 days pay.
11-06-1917 – Transferred to the Royal Munster Fusiliers.
26-11-1918 – Transferred to Res. E. Co.
26-06-1919 – Transferred to the Dorset Regt
Discharged from the army December 14th 1919 and retired to the Soldiers Home, King St. Cork. Next of kin given as Ellen Langan, Knockanure. No mention of his brothers Thomas or Patrick.
From ‘Missing Friends’ we find an advert in the Boston Globe newspaper looking for a John Langan by his brother Thomas, home address given as Knockanure.
Taken from George Langan Family tree.
WAR 1; Michael Shanahan World War I. Rank Corporal, U.S. Army
Unit 305th Infantry Regiment, 77th Division. Entered Service from New York, believed born Inchamore. Date of Death October 3, 1918, Buried Plot G Row 36 Grave 38. Buried
Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery. The Memorial in France, covers 130.5 acres, rest the largest number of US military dead in Europe, a total of 14,246. Most of those buried here lost their lives during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive of World War1
Lieutenant Denis Joseph Baily M.C. - 1894 - February 1917.
1st battalion Royal Munster Fusiliers - formerly 9th battalion.
Lieutenant Denis Joseph Baily, Military Cross
Killed in action 21st February 1917
Grave No. J 11 - Pond Farm Cemetery.
Pond Farm Cemetery is located south-west of Ieper (Ypres) near the village of Wulvergem. Denis was the son of John Baily and Johanna (Nagle) Baily, 17 The Mall, Tralee, Co. Kerry.
WAR 1 DEATHS
Maurice Hannon Lixnaw, 6488 d 10 November 1917; William Danaher Listowel 7529, d 19 July 1917.
Tim Galvin Brosna, 17873, d 17 January 1917; John Barry, Listowel, 7579, 2nd Battalion Irish guards, killed in action in France on the 17th March 1917; Wiliam T Blundel, 64871, Listowel, d 21st April 1917; Pat Bunyan, Listowel, 7047, d 10th November 1917; William Burke, listowel, 3591, d 10 November 1917; Edward Carmody, Listowel, 5639, d 4th May 1917; John Cleary, Listowel, d 1st May 1917, aged 27; Samuel Whitaker, 19059, Tarbert, d 26th September 1916; Fr, Donal o Sullivan, Chaplin, d 5th July 1916, some; Pat Pierce, 3970, Dysert, d 28th June 1916; William Nolan, Ballylongford, 5408, 5th August 1916; Edward Nolan, Cahirciveen, d 26th June 1916,
Maurice O Connell, 4969, d France 21st August 1916; Michael Lynch, Tarbert, 6446, d 1st June 1916,
Michael McAulife, Listowel, d 1916; James Smyth, Listowel, d November 1917; John Sullivan, Listowel, 40918, d 25th October 1917; Michael Sullivan, 13971, Lixnaw, d 26th September 1917,
William O Boyle, 10491, Ballybunion, d 2nd November 1917; Paul McElligott, Listowel, 305434, d 12 August 1917, Africa; Michael Healy, Listowel, d 15th September 1917, India; John Hennessy, Listowel, 4794, d 31st July 1917; Charles Hewson, Listowel, d 12th April 1917, Cameroon;
John Kelliher, Kerry, 5266, d 12th October 1917; John Kirby, Listowel, 22751, d 3rd May 1917,
Edward Lacey, Listowel, 4782, d 22nd July 1917; Bernard Gibney, Listowel, 24640, 19th April 1917,
Christopher Godfrey, Listowel, 6428, 22nd September 1917; Robert Charles Hudson, Canada, Tralee, d 17th October 1918; Denis Daly, Listowel, 1576, d 26th December 1918; Michael Dee, Coolard, 1296, d 20th October 1918; Maurice Downes, 241264, Listowel, d 23 March 1918,
John Enright, Listowel, 2148, d 29th September 1918; William Fitzmaurice, Tarbert, 6486, d 21 March 1918; James Cannavan Listowel 498714 , d 10 Oct 1918; Michael Sheehy Sgt, Duagh, d 9th July 1918; Michael Stack Listowel 4516 d 8-4-1918 wounds; John Sullivan 4279 d 30 Sept 1918.
J Byrne Listowel 3644, d 1918; Jeremiah Leahy Lixnaw 7298 d 10-1-1918; Wilson Mc Cracken Listowel d12th Oct 1918 no 20170.
Name: Denis Mulvihill, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Irish Guards,Died: 31/07/1917
Son of Michael and Margaret Mulvihil, Killianymore, Glin, Co. Limerick.
Name: John O'Halloran,Regiment: 1st Bn, Royal Munster Fusiliers
Died: 08/09/1916,Son of Mary O'Halloran (nee Lynch) who was from Glin, Co Limerick. Current address being Ballylongford, Co. Kerry
Name: John Walsh, Regiment: 2nd Bn, Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 12/02/1919. Son of Thomas and Johanna Walsh, Glin, Co. Limerick. Brother of Thomas Walsh
Name: Thomas Walsh,Regiment: 2nd Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 22/03/1918, Son of Thomas and Johanna Walsh, Glin, Co. Limerick. Brother of John
Name: John Cusack ,Regiment: 9th Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 16/04/1915: Born in Glin, Co. Limerick
Name: Patrick Cusack, Regiment: 9th Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers ,Died: 18/03/1916
: Son of Margaret & James Cusack, Killeany, Glin, Co. Limerick
Name: Timothy Hanrahan, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 21/12/1914 Born in Glin, Co. Limerick. There were 57 members of the 2nd Batallion R. M. F. Killed that day, including 10 Limerick men.
Name: Daniel Hanlon,Regiment: 1st Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 22/03/1918
Son of Daniel and Norah Hanlon, Glin, Co. Limerick.
Name: Patrick O'Sullivan, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Irish Guards, Died: 30/09/1916, Born in Ballyhahill, Co. Limerick.
Thomas Fitzgerald, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 10/11/1917
Born in Ballyhahill, Co. Limerick
Michael Quill, Regiment: 10th Bn. Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Died: 25/07/1917
: Son of Thomas Quill, Loughill, Co. Limerick
Daniel Joseph Sheehan, Regiment: 1st Bn. Grenadier Guards. Died: 24/07/1917. Son of John and Johanna Sheehan, Shanagolden, Co Limerick.
John Copeland, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Scots Guards, Died: 26/10/1914
Son of Charles and Catherine Copeland (nee Healy), Corgriggs, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick.
Robert Cussen, Regiment: 7th Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 12/08/1915
Son of Joseph Cussen, Ballyegna, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick
Daniel Lynch,Regiment: 44th Bn. Australian Infantry, Died: 28/03/1918. Son of John & Catherine Lynch, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick
Patrick McDonnell,Regiment: 1st Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 18/11/1916, Born in Shanagolden, Limerick.
Phillip Naughton, Regiment: 8th Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 31/08/1916: Born Shanagolden, Co Limerick. Husband of Catherine Naughton, 1 Keeffe's Place, Edward St, Limerick.
Henry O'Brien, Regiment: 1st Bn. Irish Guards, Died: 28/06/1916, Son of David and Bridget O'Brien, Shanagolden, Co Limerick.
Martin O'Donovan, Regiment: 2nd. Bn. Irish Guards, Died: 27/03/1918
Born in Shanagolden, Co Limerick.
William Pennie, Regiment: 1st Bn. Canterbury Regiment, N.Z.E.F., Died: 25/08/1918
Son of John Pennie, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick.
Daniel Joseph Sheehan, Regiment: 1st Bn. Grenadier Guards., Died: 24/07/1917
Son of John and Johanna Sheehan, Shanagolden, Co Limerick.
Eugene Carroll, Regiment: 6th Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 28/12/1917
Commemorated: Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel, Born in Kilmallock, Co Limerick.
Daniel Lynch, Regiment: 44th Bn. Australian Infantry, Died: 28/03/1918
Son of John & Catherine Lynch, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick. Emigrated to Australia in 1898.
George Robinson Smith, Regiment: 4th Bn. Australian Infantry, Died: 06/09/1917
Further Details: Son of Richard and Jane Smith, Suite 9 Broughton Apartments, Vancouver, BC, Canada. George attended the Diocesan School, Molesworth St, Dublin
Name: William J. Doherty, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Irish Guards, Died: 15/09/1917
Born in Limerick
Michael O'Keefe, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Royal Irish Fusiliers, Died: 08/07/1915
Born in Limerick. Listed as O'Keef on CWGC database.
Patrick Reddin, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 16/07/1916, Husband of Margaret Reddin, 5 Doyle's Cottages, Garryowen, Limerick.
Simon Sheehy, Regiment: 1st Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 12/11/1917
Son of Martin Sheehy, Carrickerry, Ardagh, Co Limerick.
Maurice Connors, Regiment: 1st Garrison Bn. Royal Irish Fusiliers, Died: 02/08/1917
Born in Newcastlewest, Co. Limerick.
Francis Duhig, Regiment: 2nd Bn. Royal Munster Fusiliers, Died: 27/08/1914
Born in Limerick
County Kerry Australia search
Item title: O'DRISCOLL Thomas : Service Number - 1947 : Place of Birth - County Kerry Ireland : Place of Enlistment - Brisbane QLD : Next of Kin - (Brother) O'DRISCOLL Patrick
Series number: B2455, Control symbol: O'DRISCOLL THOMAS, Barcode: 7996350
Access Status: Open Tralee and Kilmoyley ?
[EDGEWORTH, Michael Stephen (Air Force Service No.: 1799080) born in Knockaclare, Listowel , County Kerry, Eire on 26 December 1915 - Application dated: Bangalore, 8 February 1946]
MCCRAE TERENCE PATRICK : Service Number - 56699 : Date of birth - 03 Oct 1897 : Place of birth - BALLYLONGFORD IRELAND : Place of enlistment - MELBOURNE : Next of Kin - MCCRAE ELSIE
WAR: The King has approved the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to 30-years-old Flight Lieutenant Peter Joseph Crowley, R.A.F., No. 226 Squadron, a native of Cahirciveen, Co. Kerry, of Plymouth.
IRISH BORN CANADA
A Soldier of WW1 with a Listowel connection
The following story and photographs were sent to me by Mark Hewitt whose wife, Siobhán is a Listowel Hannon. Mark and Siobhán are frequent visitors to Listowel. The Maurice of the story was Siobhán's grandad's brother.
Maurice Hannon was born in Listowel on 1894 and was killed in action in Belgium in 1917.
Part of the current commemorations of the war includes the planting of 888,246 ceramic poppies in the moat of the Tower of London, one for each British soldier lost in the war. Work on planting these started last month and will continue until November, when it will eventually fill the whole moat with a sea of red, representing the blood of the fallen.
Each night a Roll Call of names of 180 fallen soldiers is read out in a ceremony ending with a bugler playing the Last Post. The public have been invited to submit names to be read out, and I have done this with Maurice Hannon. His name is to be amongst those read out on Sunday 7 September at 7.25pm.
During the First World War Maurice decided to join the 2nd Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers (RMF) and by 1917 found himself at the Second Battle of Passchendaele. From the War Diaries made by each Battalion at the time, now made available at the National Archives, I have put together the following account of the battle. I have also seen the maps used by the troops at the time, and all the farms and cottages mentioned in the War Diaries are still there.
Two Battalions attacked the enemy lines at 6am on Saturday 10 November 1917, one of which was the RMFs. The ground was a quagmire full of water-logged shell-holes after four months of battle. It was to be the last British effort of the Passchendaele campaign. Weighed down with equipment, they waded waist deep through mud and water, initially taking all objectives within 45 minutes.
They advanced a further 400 yards, without orders, half way up a ridge. Here they were caught by the German attack, with the British counter barrage falling on them as well as the enemy. They withdrew to a farm where, being pressed by the enemy, they threw balls of mud at the Germans who, thinking they were grenades, fell back momentarily. This farm fell at 8.30am with the RMFs ending up back where they started.
At 9.30am they attacked again and captured another farm. By this time their ranks numbered 7 officers and 240 men, having started the day with 20 officers and 630 men. Private Maurice Hannon was one of these casualties.
He is one of many war dead with no known grave. His name, though, is recorded on the memorial wall at the huge Tyne Cot Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery in Belgium. This wall alone has the names of nearly 34,000 soldiers killed in the area towards the end of the war but have no known graves.
The Battle of Passchendaele officially ended that day. Estimates at the total numbers of casualties vary. It is said the Allies had lost almost 275,000 men, killed and wounded in the four months of the campaign. The Germans lost 260,000. 42,000 of the Allied dead were never recovered from the battlefield. The Great War lasted for another year and a day.
On 9 April 1918, five months after the Battle of Passchendaele ended, the Germans launched the Lys Offensive and in three days recaptured all the ground they had lost in the battle.
Charlie O'Brien from another site
Charles O'Brien in Listowel circa 1890, believed to be buried there will military honours.
I was just looking at Salesian College Magazine Battersea S.W.11, Summer 1949. They were expecting a book about the London Irish Rifles (T.A)
Formed 1859. An Officer and 40 other ranks paid their fare to France and fought in French Army for a year during the Franco-Prussian War. Last survivor died 1930s aged 95.
They were in the South African War later and then War1. In 1915 at the first battle of Loos they went over the top dribbling a football.
Then again starting in 1939 till end of war.
St Mary’s Church. Thurles . Mary mother of George Cunningham of Thurles died 6 Nov. 1816 aged 60, also his father Jno Cunningham died 21 May 1824 aged 85, his son Pat Cunningham died 9 May 1842 aged 19, daughter Catherine died aged 5 years in 1843. Corporal P Cunningham Leinster Regiment died 4 June 1915 ? (339)
Archive of General Eion (Owen) O Duffy, Captain Walsh material, on sale July 23rd 2013, at Fonsie Mealy.
Friendly Fire2-3-1937, Tom Hyde and Young Chute who was a good boy sent his money home for Masses, he was a native of Kerry. Young Connor of Tralee, Duffy was asked to send him home, he noted friendly relations between Dev and McDonald the British PM. Mentioned that they were fortunate that they did not have 300 casualties on 13th March. Details of wounded and repatriated soldiers . Report on National Guard meeting at Mansion House 2 Nov. 1934. Duffy in Spain 1936-’37.
600 Irish fought on side of General Franco.
Report on what the Irish Regiments have done St Patrick’s Day 1916.
For the nearly half-million Jews who served in the German and Austro-Hungarian armies during WWI, military service represented a long-awaited path to full acceptance in societies many Jews had considered their Fatherlands for generations. In the shtetls of Eastern Europe, however, many of these patriots would encounter a different cultural expression of Judaism that would inform new dialogues about assimilation, patriotism, and peoplehood. These issues took on an additional urgency as anti-Semitism mounted in the German military. Original correspondence, photographs, artwork, and objects saved by German and Austrian veterans of WWI illuminate the German-Jewish encounter with the Jews of the East.
Searching for World War1 soldiers
Supporting evidence that a Plaque was awarded to a certain individual can come in many forms. The most definite and desirable is the person's medals. In this image we have a Death Plaque named to James Lunney.
This pair of medals which I got with the plaque are named to James Lunney. The medals provide the information that he was in the Rifle Brigade so when searching the CWGC site we can enter the force he served with, Army, and his Nationally, United Kingdom. As Ireland was under British rule at the time of WW1 all Irishmen serving in the British Army were recorded as United Kingdom not Irish.
This information entered into the CWGC site returns 5 matches. We know James Lunney was in the Rifle Brigade so as there is only one James Lunney recorded as a member of the Rifle Brigade we can assume we have our man. When we click on this name we go to a page with more detailed information relating to James Lunney. This page shows us his Regimental number which is 5113, this number corresponds with his Regimental number on his medals so we can confirm we have the right man. Additional information shows he was from Listowel, Co. Kerry and gives the date of his death.
Further information can be obtained by getting the Medal Index Card (MIC) for James Lunney from the UK National Archive site. On the Advanced Search on this site I entered his Surname and in the Other Key Words box I entered his Regimental number. The information returned tells me his MIC is available and can be downloaded for a fee.
His MIC informs me that he entered the Theatre of War (France) on the 1st of May 1915, the CWGC site tells me his died on the 13 of May 1915 so he only managed to survive 13 days.
William George Massy Eagar. Captain 3rd Battalion attached 1st Battalion The Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Died on the 21st of August 1915 aged 23. He was the son of W. J. A. and Ida J. Eagar, of "Iveragh," Church Rd., Greystones, Co. Wicklow. He is remembered on the Helles Memorial Turkey.
Thomas Michael Kettle
Thomas Michael Kettle. Lieutenant 9th Battalion The Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Killed in action on the 9th of September 1916 aged 36. He was the son of Andrew J. and Margaret Kettle, of Newtown, St. Margaret's, Co. Dublin; husband of Mary S. Kettle (nee Sheehy), of 3, Belgrave Park, Rathmines, Dublin. Member of Parliament for East Tyrone, and the Professor of National Economics at University College, Dublin. Poet, journalist, essayist and idealist. A leading Irish Nationalist, he joined the Dublin Fusiliers when Belgium was attacked, to fight "not for England, but for small nations." One of the outstanding Irishmen of his generation, he wrote a number of war poems. Killed in action at the Battle of the Somme. Poems and Parodies, published 1916, and The Ways of War, published 1917. He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France.
William Nagle Creagh
William Nagle Creagh. Second Lieutenant 3rd battalion The Leinster Regiment. Died of wounds on the 7th of march 1917 aged 36. He was the son of William and Emma Creagh, of Mallow, Co. Cork; husband of Christina M. Creagh, of 3, Cornwall Terrace, Regent's Park, London. He is buried in Pond Farm Cemetery, Heuvelland, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.
Paul Charles Stacpoole O’Longan
Paul Charles Stacpoole O’Longan. Second Lieutenant 41st Squadron Royal Flying Corps and The Royal Irish Regiment. Killed in action on the 1st of June 1917 aged 19. He was the son of Paul, HM Customs examining officer, and Elizabeth O’Longan of Blackrock County Cork. He is buried in Oosttaverne Wood Cemetery, Heuvelland, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.
William Hoey Kearney Redmond. Major 6th Battalion The Royal Irish Regiment. Died from wounds received in the battle of Messines Ridge on the 7th of June 1917 aged 56. Husband of Eleanor Redmond. He was the brother of John Redmond leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party and Nationalist Member of Parliament for Wexford since 1884. Awarded the Legion of Honour (France). He is buried in Locre Hospice Cemetery, Heuvelland, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.
Charles Conyers. Lieutenant Colonel 2nd Battalion The Royal Irish Fusiliers. Died on the 12th of May 1915 aged 46. he was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Conyers and husband of Minnie Dorothea Conyers of Nantinan, Ballingrane, Co. Limerick. Served in the South African Campaign. He is buried in Brandhoek Military Cemetery, Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.
The Reverend Donal Vincent O’Sullivan. Chaplin 4th Class Army Chaplin’s’ Department. Killed in action on the 5th of July 1916 aged 26. At the time of his death he was Chaplin to the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. He was the son of Son of Hannah O'Sullivan, of 6, High St., Killarney, and the late D. F. O'Sullivan. He is buried in Bouzincourt Communal Cemetery, Somme, France.
Irish War Hospital Supply Depot, based at 40 Merrion Square Dublin, provided supplies to hospitals treating wounded from the trenches. Some 2000 volunteers supply anything from bandages to life jackets. The depot would supply up to 15,000 items a week to hospitals.
One thing the Irish War Hospital Supply Depots specialised in was the collection and shipping to England of sphagnum moss. Seventeen species and twenty-five varieties of sphagnum moss were found in the bogs of Ireland. The moss, which had been used in German hospitals for over thirty years, was found to act as a superior absorbent and natural deodorant. The moss dressing was considered so good the War Office requisitioned 5,000 dressings per month, the only interruption to the supply of moss dressing was in April 1916 due to the Easter Rising but the regular supply resumed in May. 160 Women were occupied full time with the preparation of the dressing.
Burns James 226313 Able Seaman H.M.S. "Indefatigable." 31/05/1916 30
Born C G S Liscannor County Clare. Son of Michael and Mary Burns, of Rose Cottage, Ballybunion, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
Burke John 138847 Yeoman of Signals H.M.S. "Laurentic." 25/01/1917 45
Born in Ballyduff County Kerry. Mentioned in Despatches. Son of David and Bridget Burke, of Whitegate, Co. Cork. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
Carroll James 284276TH> Petty Officer Stoker H.M.S. "Flirt." 26/10/1916 35
Born in Rhamore County Kerry. Son of Patrick and Ellen Carroll, of Aghamore, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Portsmouth Naval Memorial.
Cotter Daniel M14437 Carpenter's Crew H.M.S. "Defence." 31/05/1916 31
Born in Killorglin County Kerry. Son of James and Bridget Cotter, of 7, Rosefield Terrace, Victoria Road, Cork. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
Curran Michael 191962 Petty Officer 1st Class H.M.S. "Black Prince." 31/05/1916 33
Born in Abbeydorney County Kerry. Son of Mortimer and Mary Curran, of Abbeydorney, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Portsmouth Naval Memorial.
Flynn(O’Flynn) Michael K26417 Stoker 1st Class H.M.S. "Indefatigable." 31/05/1916 19
Born in Killarney County Kerry. Son of James and Mary Flynn, of Kilbrean, Killarney, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Portsmouth Naval Memorial.
Hogan Joseph K29031 Stoker 2nd Class H.M.S. "Defence." 31/05/1916 21
Born in Headford County Kerry. Son of Michael and Mary Hogan, of Knock, Dungarvan, Co. Waterford. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
Johnson Daniel 304018 Leading Stoker (C.G.) H.M.S. Bulwark 26/11/1914 31
Born in Dingle County Kerry. Son of John and Ellen Johnson, of Blackfields, Ballyferriter, Dingle, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Gillingham (Woodlands) Cemetery, Kent, UK.
Kelly James J19569 Able Seaman H.M. S/M. "H5." 02/03/1918 22
Born in Cahirciveen County Kerry. Son of Mrs. Margaret O'sullivan, of West End, Castletown, Berehaven, Co. Cork. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
Mahony Thomas 200703 Leading Seaman H.M.S. "Monmouth." 01/11/1914 33
Born in Ardfert County Kerry. Son of John and Mary Mahoney, of Tubrid, Ardfert, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
McCarthy Charles - Gunner H.M.S. "Goliath." 13/05/1915 33
Son of Timothy and Julia McCarthy, of Tarmon, Waterville, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Portsmouth Naval Memorial.
O’Brien William 276218 Petty Officer Stoker H.M.S. "Monmouth." 01/11/1914 37
Born in Rathduff County Kerry. Son of William and Bridget O'Brien, of Annascaul, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
O’Connor Patrick 172086 Leading Stoker H.M.S. "Defence." 31/05/1916 43
Born in Kerry. Son of Michael and Bridget O'Connor, of Carhunapuka, Dingle, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
Shea Batt 284107 Petty Officer Stoker H.M.S. "Good Hope." 01/11/1914 36
Born in Trough County Clare. Son of John and Margaret Shea, of Droum, Glenbeigh, Co. Kerry. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
Warner Henry J16675 Ordinary Seaman H.M.S. "Monmouth." 01/11/1914 18
Born in Killorglin County Kerry. Son of William Wellington Warner and Elizabeth Anne Warner, of 3, Woodland View, St. Lukes, Cork. Buried Commemorated Plymouth Naval Memorial.
Pigott William Gregor
Born 3rd March 1885 in Kells, Co. Meath. He joined the R.I.C. in 1910 at Waterford, enlistment No. 2088/1188 and was stationed at Portlaw. He married on 4 Feb 1913 but did not have permission (members of the R.I.C. were required to obtain permission to marry, failure to obtain permission resulted in dismissal from the force) Willaim Pigott re-enlisted but because of this his previous service was lost on re-enlistment ( No. 2092/57) he was posted to Ballybunnion, Co. Kerry.
After war broke out he joined the 4th Hussars, enlisting at Tralee ( No. 24620). He transferred to the 15th Battalion the Royal Irish Rifles (No. 41200) as a rifleman and saw action on the Somme from July-Sept. 1916. On 1st July the 15th Bn. were subjected to a powerful counter-attack from fresh German troops. The 15th held their position through the night until relieved by units from the 49th Div. At roll call the next day only 75 men answered their names, the dead accounting for over half of their losses.
He was taken prisoner and some time later was sent to the Prisoner of War camp at Limburg. He died on an electric fence on the night of the 21st of September 1918 whilst escaping with others and is the only Great War service casualty in the Veldwezelt Communal Cemetery, Lanakan, Limburg, Belgium. He was 33 years old when he died.
O’Leary Daniel S. 10144 Private 1st Bn. Irish Guards 25/09/1916 -
Further Information Born in Caherdaniel County Kerry lived in Castle Cove County Kerry enlisted in Dublin. Buried/Commemorated Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France.
Ormsby John James 2050 Private 1st Bn. Irish Guards 01/11/1914 28
Further Information Born in Ballybunion County Kerry lived in Dungannon County Tyrone enlisted in Castlebar County Mayo. Son of Burris and Anna Maria Ormsby, of 1, Belle Vue Terrace, Dungannon, Co. Tyrone. Buried/Commemorated Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.
O’Leary Daniel (Killed in Action, twice mentioned in dispatches a native of Kenmare County Kerry)
O’Leary Daniel 4661 Lance Corporal 6th Bn. Connaught Rangers 29/07/1916 31
Further Information Son of Daniel and Hanoria O'Leary, of Muckera, Kenmare, Co. Kerry. Buried/Commemorated Bethune Town Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France.
Royal Munster Fusiliers KIA
Morris John 5797 Lance Serjeant 8th Bn. Munster Fusiliers 04/05/1916 21
Further Information Born in Glenvickee County Kerry lived in Glencer County Kerry enlisted in Limerick. Son of Francis N. and Mary Morris, of Glenmackee, Glencar, Co. Kerry. Volunteered for active service from R.I.C., Kilmihill, Co. Clare. Buried Commemorated Philosophe British Cemetery, Mazingarbe, Pas de Calais, France.
Brooks Harold Brendan 14229 Private "D" Coy. 7th Bn. Royal Dublin Fusiliers 08/08/1915 21 Killarney County Kerry
Enlisted in Dublin. Son of Thomas J. and Minnie F. Brooks, of Gortroe House, Killarney, Co. Kerry. Educated at Saint Vincent's College, Castleknock, Dublin.
Seeler Cornelius 17844 Private 1st Bn. Royal Dublin Fusiliers 29/06/1915 - Born Kerry
Also known as: Molyneux. Service Number: 827; Rank: Sergeant. Unit: Artillery
Service: Colonial Military Forces. Conflict: Sudan, 1885. Date of enlistment: 23 December 1881
Age at enlistment: 23y 11 months. Date of embarkation: 03 March 1885; Fate: Returned to Australia
Date of return: 23 June 1885; Ship returned on: SS Arab
Birth place: Listowel, Ireland. Religion: Roman Catholic; Notes: Also recorded as Molyneux
Also known as: Molyneaux; Molyneux; Service Number: 373; Rank: Driver. Unit: Artillery
Service: Colonial Military Forces. Conflict: Sudan, 1885; Date of enlistment: 04 July 1877
Age at enlistment: 26 years. Date of embarkation: 03 March 1885; Fate: Returned to Australia
Date of return: 23 June 1885. Ship returned on: SS Arab; Birth place: Listowel, Ireland
Religion: Roman Catholic; Occupation: Groom. Notes: Also recorded as Molyneaux & Molyneux
Roll of Honour:
Thomas Augustus O'Riley
Service Number: 4159
Unit: 2nd Australian Tunnelling Company
Service: Australian Army
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Date of death: 03 June 1920
Place of death: Australia
Place of association: Broken Hill South, Australia
Cemetery or memorial details: West Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army